What do you need to know about vitamin D? Why do we need it?

What do you need to know about vitamin D? Why do we need it?

Vitamin D is a necessary nutrient for the human body. Its main function is to regulate the body’s calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Vitamin D is found in food and supplements in two main forms, D2 (ergocalciferol) and D3 (cholecalciferol). Both forms are absorbed well in the digestive tract. The co-existence of fat in the gut increases the absorption of vitamin D, but some of the vitamin is absorbed even without fat. Still, most of the vitamin is not formed from food, but through a chemical reaction when our skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Vitamin D plays an important role in skeletal development, maintaining bone health and neuromuscular function. Without it, bones become brittle and deformed — rickets occurs in children, and osteomalacia in adults. Without vitamin D, the body has no choice but to use its own calcium for its needs, removing it from bones. Special osteoclast cells literally dissolve them to increase serum calcium levels. This leads to softening and increased porosity of the bone tissue. 

Vitamin D Deficiency 

It was previously thought that vitamin D deficiency in adults was limited to institutionalized older adults, but recent evidence suggests otherwise. A group of international experts concluded that approximately 50 percent of people aged 65 years and over were unable to maintain healthy bone density and strong teeth due to insufficient levels of vitamin D. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetrical lower back pain, muscle weakness, muscle pain and throbbing bone pain that occurs when pressure is applied to the sternum or tibia. But quite often, the signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are insidious or non-specific, so clinically, it is not always possible to diagnose the condition and treat it. A common cause of deficiency is medications such as anticonvulsants or glucocorticoids, which can increase catabolism and actively destroy vitamin D. However, about a third of people with a known deficiency have no identifiable risk factors


Healthy prevention of vitamin D deficiency 

To prevent vitamin D deficiency, infants and children are recommended to get at least 400 IU per day from food and supplements. Available data show that vitamin D supplements of at least 700-800 IU per day reduce the incidence of fractures and falls in the elderly. For most young, healthy people, 10 micrograms per day (400 IU) will suffice. If your doctor has advised you to take a different amount of vitamin D, you should follow their advice. Chronic excess vitamin D can lead to the accumulation of too much calcium in the body, a condition called hypercalcemia. This can negatively affect bone, kidney and heart health. Do not take more than 100 mcg (4,000 IU) of vitamin D per day, as this may be harmful. This applies to adults, including pregnant and lactating women and the elderly, as well as children aged 11 to 17. Now, you can’t overdose on vitamin D at the beach, but remember to cover or protect your skin if you’re out in the sun for long periods of time to reduce your risk of sunburn and skin cancer.


Bodybuilding – Very Hard Abs

Abs are not only about the washboard stomachs we have grown conform to seeing on the professional body-building stage. There’s a ton more to it then meets the eye. The actual anatomical make up involves the Rectus abdonomis, the external abdominal oblique muscles, serratus anterior and the internal abdominal oblique.

Most of us tend to train our abs as a finishing touch on our overall appearance but we forget the main function of the abdomens. The abdomens are in charge of allowing our bodies to bend forward and back as well as to the side. Their main function is keeping our posture but they also aid in keeping our body stable when taking part in different activities and naturally in both higher body and lower body lifts while iron pumping.

By absolutely understanding the functions of our abdomens we can then implement effective ways of training them. As you read earlier our abdomens allow us to “flex our trunks” or in other words bend forward. The best way to effectively teach them is to repeat this movement while in the gym. The rationale most bodybuilders train their abs is definitely to increase the general definition of the abs.

There are a number of ways to go about getting this. One idea is to eliminate the fat that covers the abdomens. This may be achieved through both dieting and cardiovascular activity. An alternate way to help define your abdomens is to do abdominal exercises intensely with awfully high repetitions. The explanation for this is that you do not need to add any unwanted mass to your abs.

Cardiovascular conditioning is easily the most important aspect used to help a body-builder achieve outlined abdomens. Bodybuilders use cardiovascular as a tool to help shed undesired fat. The key to effectively using cardio is to know exactly when to implement it into your routine. If you start doing it to early you may halt all the gains you are hopelessly attempting to make, but if done to late you won’t have enough time to get your abdomens in the shape required for competition. A good kick off point is about 11 weeks out from the competition. This will give you enough time to chop your body fat and water retention.

The most misunderstood and under exploited tool for body-builders looking to obtain shredded abs is definitely dieting.

Human Immune System Illustration

How to Boost Your Immune System?

Have you ever gotten sick? Did it ever occur to you why some people get ill more often than others living under the same roof? A simple answer to this question is that the people who do not get attacked by the disease have a stronger immune system. 

For those who are not fully aware of what an immune system is and what it does for our body, let’s first discuss about that. Every single human being has an immune system that protects our body from various diseases, including the microorganisms that can attack us and make us fall sick.

Here’s the thing, an immune system that is functioning well can identify all kinds of threats, viruses, bacteria, and parasites while fighting them to keep us healthy. At times, infections are successful in invading your body and infect you with diseases of different degrees. The effects of certain viruses like the coronavirus cannot be seen immediately, so it might be too late before you can do something about it.

Is there a way to boost your immune system? Is there a way to make it more efficient and prepared to fight against all kinds of viruses? Such questions must be going through your mind, so let’s start answering without wasting any time.

Considering the Possibility…

In all honesty, improving a human being’s immune system is possible, but experts suggest that it is not as easy as it sounds. Why? The immune system is not a single entity, so all the major body parts should work in harmony and be healthy at all times. 

A lot of people suggest that adopting a healthy lifestyle does wonder for your immune system. This is true to some extent, but there is not enough evidence to ultimately agree to this claim. However, researchers are still trying to investigate the effects of age, stress, environment, diet, and other factors on a person’s immune system.

It would be right to say that boosting your immune system is possible if proper measures are taken as per the suggestions of experts. You can also try adopting specific strategies that are considered healthy by people like waking up early and eating meals on time.

What can You Do? 

Human Immune System

The most important and doable thing about boosting your immune system is abandoning all the bad habits and adopting a good/healthy lifestyle. This is the first step in strengthening your immune system that requires your restraining abilities. 

Protecting your body from adverse environmental factors and putting it in danger automatically inspires your organs to start working at their best. Here’s what you need to do;

  • Quit smoking and give your lungs a rest
  • Get a gym membership, a trainer, and start exercising as your life depends on it
  • Stop drinking alcohol excessively as occasional drinking is okay. In case you have an addiction, get the correct treatment for it before it is too late.
  • Stop stressing out all the time, especially about things that are not in your control. This is harder than it sounds, but you can do it. Meditating helps in such conditions.
  • Ditch all the junk food and start a diet full of fruit and vegetables. Eating fruit and vegetables makes you feel good and boosts your immune system.
  • Fix your sleeping schedule and stop watching Netflix at night. Healthy sleeping patterns make your immune system work acceptably or rationally.
  • Nowadays, there is a spread of the coronavirus, and you can avoid it by frequently washing your hands and drinking adequate water. Other viruses can be avoided by taking similar measures.
  • Another way to avoid certain viruses is to cook your meat correctly, so you do not eat it raw.

Some of these things can be done overnight, while others like quitting smoking take time. It is better to seek professional help to treat such addictions as it reduces your chances of relapsing and fastens the process.  

Boosting your Immune System Using Unnatural Means 

If you go to a nearby pharmaceutical store, their shelves are full of bottles of pills and beverages that claim to strengthen your immune system. Is it possible? According to scientists, we should not take the easy way out to enhance our immunity as there is no guarantee. 

Scientifically Boosting your immune system is possible, but it runs the risk of all kinds of heart-related illnesses and more. When you start a course of pills that claims to boost your immunity, it makes you addicted and starts adding to your immune cells. This is not a good idea for a lot of reasons, but we’ll discuss that later. Take the example of an athlete; if he/she is pumping blood into their system to boost cells, then there is a high risk of strokes and heart attack. Does that sound pleasant? 

You can attempt to boost those cells that improve your immune system, but it only makes you look clueless. A human being’s immune system is made up of numerous cells that are all unique and work differently. 

While trying to boost it by unnatural means, there are several questions you need to answer. Which cells are you targeting? How many more cells do you want? What is the limit? Without solving such problems, you might as well be putting your life in danger. The current research suggests that our immune system is programmed to generate cells naturally. 

Those in excess are removed by a natural process of cell death called apoptosis. It is also true that no one is aware of the kind of cells and the amount our immune system needs to function efficiently. 

Therefore, it is not right to buy a few pills and hope for positive results. Resorting to natural means like improving your lifestyle is the best way to make your immune system function at an optimum level. 

Effects of Diet on Our Immune System

There is a profound connection between your diet and the immune system because it is the source of the necessary nutrition your body requires. It is a known fact that poor people who do not have access to healthy food items are prone to get infected by diseases and viruses more often. 

They cannot buy healthy fruit and vegetables and are forced to eat the leftovers or food items that do not have all the nutrients a person’s body needs to function correctly.

Deficiencies of certain nutrients like vitamins A, B, C, E, zinc, iron, etc. weakens your immune system while making your body vulnerable to infections. Boosting your immune system is as simple as making specific changes to your regular diet. 

It will be hard in the beginning, but the results will motivate you to continue, and soon you will get used to the new diet. If a person does not like eating vegetables, he/she can purchase a multivitamin as well as a mineral supplement for similar health benefits. However, do not take increased doses as it might have irreversible side effects.

Moreover, it is advisable to consult with a doctor before buying any supplements. You can also start eating food items that are enriched with vitamins and proteins. Consuming the right amount of carbs and fats can also help in this conquest.

Here are the food items you can consume to strengthen your immune system naturally;

  • Citrus fruit like oranges, tangerines, and grapefruits
  • Red bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Ginger
  • Garlic
  • Spinach
  • Yogurt
  • Green tea
  • Turmeric
  • Almonds
  • Kiwi
  • Poultry items
  • Papaya
  • Shellfish
  • Sunflower seeds

It would be best if you were careful of the serving sizes to make sure that you are consuming the necessary nutrients in the right amount. Include all these items in your daily meals to see promising results in a short time.

Does Age Have Any Effect on Our Immune System? 

Many people might already know the answer to this question as they might have seen a loved one go through illness as a result of aging. Getting older indeed makes our immune system weak, and it is not as efficient in fighting off various diseases and infections. 

Modernization has increased life expectancy in a lot of countries leading to an increase in age-related illnesses. According to research, people over 65 die at the hands of diseases like pneumonia, influenza, and respiratory infections. 

Some researchers believe that as we age, the bone marrow does not produce enough stem cells for our immune system, which makes us vulnerable to dangerous infections. Moreover, vaccination for specific diseases is not very helpful for aged people due to a weakened immune system. 

Older people have a diet with minimal food items; thus, they might be lacking some necessary nutrients that our immune system needs. In such cases, it is better to start taking supplements after consulting with a physician as dietary supplementations can have severe effects on older people’s health. It is advisable to maintain a fatty diet, exercise regularly, and have a healthy lifestyle from a young age to avoid a weakened immune system when you get older.

Enhancing your Immune System to Avoid Viruses

Every day we see new viruses pop up in the world, meaning we need to start being more careful than usual. For instance, there is a recent spread of the coronavirus that attacks your body and makes the symptoms visible within 13 to 14 days. During the winter season, people are prone to getting the flu and colds. Such illnesses can be avoided by taking precautionary measures as accurately as possible and save your money and time. 

Viruses like the coronavirus indeed attack people with a compromised immune system; therefore, it is vital to take a few necessary steps to stay healthy. The first thing you need to do is wash your hands frequently using a bar of soap and clean water. 

If these items are not available, then you can use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol to help kill germs and infectious microbes. Check to see if the local supermarkets have organic hand sanitizers and purchase masks to avoid getting infected if you come in contact with someone who is already affected. 

Another thing that will keep your immune system healthy in such trying times is getting a good night’s sleep of 7 to 9 hours. Efficient sleeping helps your T cells fight against infections; hence, lack of sleep makes your body increasingly vulnerable to the coronavirus. Moreover, it is essential to stay calm as anxiety can have adverse effects on your sleep quality and weaken your immune system. 

It would be best if you started observing a healthy and nutrition enriched diet to fight off infections like the coronavirus. Continuing to eat junk food will only contribute to the deterioration of your immune system, which is not acceptable. 

It would help if you also started exercising, preferably at home using whatever equipment you have. Visiting the gym during these times can be dangerous as infected people might also be there unknowingly. There are other treatments you can resort to like acupuncture in an attempt to avoid getting infected by all kinds of viruses. Acupuncture is beneficial in fortifying different organs of your body and strengthen your immune system to a great extent. 

If you wish to stay safe from the coronavirus, then try to avoid human contact as much as possible and stop going to crowded places without taking precautionary measures. Moreover, always cover your mouth with a bent elbow while sneezing or coughing to prevent spreading the virus if you are infected. Most infections, including the coronavirus, are not as fatal as one might think; however, it is still better to take safety measures and avoid visiting the doctor at all. 

If you have been coughing lately or have a fever, then it is better to see your doctor before the situation worsens. Another symptom of the coronavirus is shortness of breath, so make sure to monitor yourself daily.

Vitamins That Boosts Your Immune System

Three vitamins can help in improving the functioning of your immune system to a great extent. We mentioned them earlier in this text as well but let’s take a closer look at them to help us understand their role; 

  1. Vitamin C:This is one of the essential vitamins that your immune system needs, and it is found in various citrus fruit. It would be best if you consumed vitamin C enriched meals every single day as your body does not store or produce it. You might be consuming enough vitamin c at the moment without being aware, which is a good thing. You do not need any supplements unless your physicians/doctors ask you to.
  2. Vitamin E: This is a powerful antioxidant that plays a significant role in helping the body fight off any infections. It supports the health of various organs of our body; thus, keeping a balance and maintaining our overall health.
  3. Vitamin B6: This helps in all the biochemical reactions within our body and the immune system. It is usually found in poultry items like chicken and seafood like tuna and salmon. Many vegetables are also enriched with vitamin B6, so adding them to your diet would be a wise decision.

Additional Guidelines

We have looked at all the obvious things that you can do to have an excellent immune system, but is that it? There are a few other things you can do that many people deem as unimportant to improve your immune system. Those are as follows;

  • Hang out with people that have a good sense of humor as it reduces your stress hormones. At the same time, it increases a specific type of white blood cell that helps in fighting off infections.
  • Have a good social network and strong relationships with friends and family. Being isolated is not suitable for your immune system, so start socializing more often.
  • Get counseling if you are always stressed out about everything. It is okay to slow down every once in a while, and give yourself time to recover.

These are a few essential things that can have a significant impact on your immune system, so make sure to keep smiling and be grateful for the little things in life.

Final Words 

Our life is full of challenges, but what matters is how bravely we tackle all of them and come out at the top. Having a weakened immune system makes you vulnerable to many illnesses, out of which some are treatable, and some are not. Being conscious about your health is being loyal to yourself because no one else is going to take care of you. Abandoning all the bad habits, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and setting out on a journey to become healthy needs commitment.

It will strengthen your immune system and keep you healthy at all times for the rest of your life. You can only achieve your life goals if you are in good shape as a wise person once said, ‘health is wealth.’

HTA what is a coronavirus

Coronavirus – Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

The name corona originated from the word ‘crown’ because this virus looks like a crown under a microscope. The World Health Organization named it COVID-19. This virus is affecting more and more countries with the passage of time. According to CNN, 35 cases have been reported in the US alone while hundreds in Italy and Iran. It is a newly found family of viruses that were never seen before. The experts say that the virus came from the seafood in Wuhan, China. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this virus is found in the animals, and it can be transmitted into humans as well.  As know, there are around 40 different types of coronavirus that may be constantly in human body. Thanks to strong immune system, without doing any serious harm to human.

Coronaviruses were first discovered and identified in the mid-1960s

source: usnews.com

Symptoms of Coronavirus 

The coronavirus has very mild symptoms, but they become dangerous with the passage of time. Sometimes the symptoms of coronavirus are not clear, and you may spend days and even weeks carrying this virus. In severe cases, the symptoms may lead to the death of an individual. According to the NEJM study published on January 29, the symptoms of the virus show up after five days of being infected. This is called the incubation period, and it may last for 24 days. Some of the most common symptoms of the virus include;


In most of the cases, the body temperature rises, and people usually ignore it. The people who were diagnosed with the virus had pretty elevated body temperature. The airport officials are checking the body temperature of the passengers who are coming from China as it is a clear sign of whether someone is infected or not.


A person infected with coronavirus will experience coughing. If you have cough and travelled to China, or the neighbouring countries such as Malaysia, Hong Kong, and Thailand, then you must see a doctor. CDC recommends removing a patient from the isolation centre if he doesn’t experience coughing.

Shortness of breath 

Coronavirus affects the respiratory system, and you feel trouble while breathing. In cases of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), and this leads to septic shock in which the body organs don’t have enough oxygen. It is the most prominent symptoms, especially those who are elder, smokers and people with a previous medical condition.

Some other frequently seen symptoms of the virus are as follow

  1. Headache 
  2. Sore throat 
  3. A runny nose 

According to FamilyDoctor, about 15-20% of the cases have become a server, especially those who were with the weak immune system. In severe cases, it leads to organ failure and ultimately, death.

Prevention from Coronavirus 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there is no vaccine for the coronavirus to prevent the illness. You should avid from being exposed to the virus as much as you can. Following are some of the precaution that you should keep into account as these are recommended by the CDC and WHO. 

HTA can you prevent coronavirus

Protect Yourself from the Virus 

  1. Always wash your hands properly. Use soap, clean water to wash hands. Hands are in contact with the various thing around you, so the first and the foremost thing is to wash your hands.
  2. Don’t cough or sneeze openly but always cover your mouth with a tissue paper so that someone might not get affected by the droplets. 
  3. Don’t leave the room if you have a cough or slightly high body temperature.
  4. Always clean the things that are around you. Clean the things that you use on a regular basis. 
  5. Don’t leave home without any reason. If you are in China, try to stay home and follow the state rules when you leave your home. 

Seek Medical Guidance 

  1. WHO recommends contacting your doctor when you have a constant fever, headache, coughing and any organ failure. It is important to tell him where you live and where you have travelled recently.  
  2. Answer the doctor honestly without hiding anything.

Practice Food Safety  

  1. Don’t eat the sick animals and the animals that are died of the disease. 
  2. Use the different knives and chopping boards if possible. 
  3. Eat only hygienic foods. 
  4. It is important to avoid contact with raw, cooked foods and meat of wild animals.

Precautions While Travelling 

  1. Bring about all the safety measures when you are going to travel in the country that is under this virus.
  2. Avoid Travel If you have fever or cough. 
  3. If you have experienced any health condition during travelling, then contact with the medical staff ASAP and let them know your condition. 
  4. Avoid spitting in the public. 
  5. Word Health organization don’t recommend cancelling travel plan, but you need to take into account safety measures. 
  6. If you have anyone who visited China, avoid close contact with him. This applies to the other countries that are facing the horrible consequences of the virus. 

Keep in Mind 

  1. There is no vaccine to treat the illness. Therefore, the first priority is to avoid person to person contact. 
  2. The virus can travel about 1 meter so always avoid close contact. 
  3. This virus can stay alive on any surface for over a day. 
  4. Stay 2 meter away from anyone with symptoms. 
  5. The area of Nose, Mouth and Eyes is known as T-zone that is an entry point for the virus. So avoid these body parts. 

Treatment for Coronavirus 

There is no vaccine of this disease, and the researchers are struggling day and night to discover the vaccine for the disease. Hospitals basically support patients by providing them with a good environment, antiviral medications, breathing support, for example, ventilation. Doctors also give patient steroids so that lungs swelling will reduce, which makes patients a little bit relaxed. Blood plasma transfusion is also given to patients by doctors. Doctors can increase the chance of patient living by giving them supportive care to help them breathe.

Progress for the Treatment of COVID-19 in China

 Now, China has more than 80 running or pending medical trials on the treatment of the Coronavirus. Pharmaceutical drugs are also listed in the registry of China’s coronavirus treatments trials. China has also developed a few trials that test chloroquine, a drug that killed off grains. But no drugs and medicines are approved effective against this virus. 

But if we talk about traditional treatment, then traditional Chinese methods are very helpful in treating more than half of the patients of coronavirus. Wang, deputy head of China’s national health medicine elaborate that TCM has been applied in a few cryonics patients, and it affects patients in a positive way in a great manner. Thus, the use of TCM is one and only treatment for coronavirus patients. 

Remdesivir has been excellent against the Ebola virus, and this medication worked well for the first patient of COVID-19 in the US. However, a large scale clinical trial is in progress in China. In future, the researcher will develop a vaccine. Till then, you need to care for yourself and follow all the safety measures.

Healthy Living: Concussions in Youth Sports

A concussion is a brain injury; the only known cure for brain injury is prevention. While helmets can protect against skull fractures and more serious brain injuries, they cannot prevent a concussion; therefore, it is vitally important to be well-informed about how to prevent a concussion.

Experts agree that the best ways to prevent concussion are to play by the rules and teaching young athletes to respect the rules of their sport is part of good coaching.

Photo by Keith Johnston

Most concussions resolve with rest within a week to ten days; however, about 10% of concussions take longer to heal and some may have long-term consequences. Many concussions go unreported; an accurate concussion history for an individual typically is not available and experts warn that there is a risk of serious injury when multiple concussions are sustained over time. The risk of second impact syndrome is real and a matter of life and death or long-term severe disability. For all of these reasons it is extremely important that everyone involved in youth sports and recreation understands how to recognize the signs and symptoms of concussion, and knows what to do if a concussion is suspected both on the field and off.

There are a variety of ways to become informed and up-to-date on current concussion issues. When the New Jersey Concussion Law was passed in December 2010 it mandated that each year every student athlete and their parents/guardians receive a fact sheet. The fact sheets must be signed and returned by students and parents/guardians or the student is not permitted to participate in school sports.

Photo by John Torcasio

Return to play

Subsequent to written medical clearance stating that the student-athlete is asymptomatic at rest the Model Policy states that the graduated return-to-play protocol is initiated and supervised by a certified athletic trainer or school/team physician or, if not available, a regular physician or licensed health care provider trained in the evaluation and management of concussion. If symptoms re-occur during any step in the graduated return-to-play process the student athlete will return to the previous level on the following day.

Graduated return-to-play Protocol:

  1. Complete one full day of normal cognitive activities without any re-emergence of symptoms. If no symptoms appear move to step 2 the following day.
  2. Light aerobic exercise. If no symptoms appear move to step 3 on the following day.
  3. Sport specific exercise – no head impact activities. If no symptoms appear move to step 4 on the following day.
  4. Non-contact training drills: progressive resistance training. If no symptoms appear move to step 5 on the following day.
  5. Full-contact practice and participation in normal training activities. In the Model Policy step 5 is initiated FOLLOWING MEDICAL CLEARANCE (This can be a verbal consultation with the student’s physician). If no symptoms appear move to step 6 on the following day.
  6. Return to play involving normal exertion or game activity.

Cognitive activities encompass any activity where thought is involved. They include, but are not limited to: attending a full day of school, studying, watching practice, interacting with peers.

The student should continue to proceed to the next level if asymptomatic at the current level. Generally, each step should take 24 hours so that an athlete would take approximately 1 week to complete the protocol when symptoms do not re-occur. If any symptoms re-occur during the protocol, the student returns to the previous step after an additional 24 hours of rest and progresses accordingly.

Healthy Living – Ways to keep your skin safe in the sun

God gave you just one skin and it must last you a lifetime. It is the largest organ of the body and it protects you from the external environment. Your skin deserves to be cared for and needs protection from the sun and it’s harmful rays.

Many believe that getting a base tan before going on a vacation to a warm sunny climate, like Florida, will protect them from getting a sunburn and prevent sun damage to their skin. This is a myth. “A tan is not protective. If you have a tan, you have injured your skin – you have sun damage,” according to Jeffery Peterson,MD, assistant professor of dermatology at Washington University School of Medicine.

Photo by Tomas Salas

In fact, a tan is actually a sign of skin damage and is your body’s way of trying to protect it’s skin from more harmful UV rays. This is not very effective because certain UV rays get through the tan and damage deep layers of your skin every time your skin is exposed to the sun. Even after the tan fades the damage remains below the skin’s surface, where the UV radiation has penetrated and begun to permanently alter your DNA. Each time you are in the sun and getting tan the effects of the UV radiation build and over time accumulate to increase your risk of getting skin cancer. It also makes your skin look old before it’s time, causing wrinkling, age spots, scaly patches, and uneven skin tone.

Indoor tanning is not safe either, even though claims are made that it is harmless and actually healthy. Indoor tanning devices all emit ultraviolet (UV) light. A tan develops as a response to that UV radiation exposure. It causes damage to the DNA that may lead to skin cancer. The more exposure that occurs the higher the risk of skin cancer on down the line.

UV radiation seems to cause all three kinds of common skin cancer – basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. There are three mechanisms in it’s inducing of skin cancer: First, UV light directly damages one’s DNA leading to mutations; second, it produces activated oxygen molecules that can damage DNA and other cellular structures; and third, it leads to localized immunosuppression that blocks one’s own natural anti-cancer defenses.

The Skin Cancer Foundation has recommended the SPF sunscreen products as an effective aid in the prevention of UVA and UVB sunburn and the premature aging of skin. Many a dermatologist (skin doctor) will tell you that if you are outdoors at all without sun protection on that you are risking looking old before your time with dried winkled skin and age spots. Not only that, but you are at risk for developing skin cancer including malignant melanoma, a deadly cancer whose incidence is increasing faster in the 20-35 age group than any other cancer. So be sure to protect yourself and keep your skin looking young and smooth by the daily use of sun protection products.

Some Of he Medical Conditions Medical Marijuana Can Be Used To Treat

After watching several friends suffer the side effects of cancer treatment, state Sen. Steve Cohen said he plans to make the legalization of medical marijuana one of his top priorities next year.

”When you see somebody whose life is ending, and you know there’s something that would ameliorate their pain and make life less ghastly, it’s incumbent upon all of us to allow it,” Cohen said. ”There’s no reason why society should not allow drugs that can be helpful.”

In a 2003 report, the American Medical Association cited studies showing that compounds in the drug can help people suffering from a wide range of illnesses, from glaucoma and AIDS-related weight loss, to epilepsy and the nausea associated with some cancer treatments.

Photo by Sharon McCutcheon

But the association also said there are health risks involved with marijuana and recommended that the National Institutes of Health fund further research into medical uses of the drug.

Barbara Walker, 58, of Nashville said she suffers chronic back pain and weight loss associated with an immune disorder and has experienced side effects from the oxycodone she was prescribed for pain. Walker is one of about 10 area residents working with a statewide network called the Tennessee Alliance for Medical Marijuana. She said she would like to use marijuana for her weight loss and pain without risking jail time.

Some studies have shown that marijuana can stimulate appetite and promote weight gain as well as ease pain.

”No one wants to be outside the law, but at the same time I’m the one who’s living with severe pain,” she said. ”You’re either miserable or scared you’re going to go to jail.”

Another medical marijuana advocate, Paul Kuhn, said his deceased wife found the most relief from marijuana when she was undergoing treatment for cancer.

She was taking a prescription drug called Zofran for nausea, he said, but the side effects of the drug included liver damage, and the cancer had spread to her liver. ”One puff of marijuana worked better than the Zofran,” said Kuhn, 61. ”That was the best prescription around, and it wasn’t that good.”

One of the leading advocacy groups for medical marijuana, the Marijuana Policy Project in Washington makes no secret of its dual support of medical marijuana and the legalization of the drug.

Citing a 2002 Time/CNN nationwide poll showing 80% of Americans supported medical marijuana use, Krissy Oechslin, a spokeswoman for the group, said medical marijuana is a distinct issue with broad public support.

”So many people support it that it’s sort of surprising that legislators have been afraid to touch it,” she said.

”But I think eventually the point will get across, as more states consider it, that they won’t be hurt for supporting it.”

Medical marijuana has been legalized in liberal and conservative states.

And three conservative southeastern states — Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi — have filed court briefs supporting California’s efforts to keep medical marijuana legal.

According to Stuart Finder, a medical ethicist at Vanderbilt University, the medical marijuana issue boils down to balancing the medical benefits of the drug with the cultural views of marijuana as an illicit substance.

”The important ethical issue here is that it may be that our preconceptions are blinding us to the possible medical help the substance could provide,” said Finder, director of Vanderbilt’s Center for Clinical and Research Ethics. ”There are some indications it could be helpful, but the only way to find out is to study it. Do we risk giving up our preconceptions to look at it?”

Mediterranean vs Palaeolithic: a diet of research to feed good health

Variety and moderation of a food pyramid are the foundation of balanced nutrition, “basis” for adequate nutrition.

The next step in food pyramid, is placed high protein foods (milk, cheese, fish, meat or meat products with a low fat content), white meats are recommended in preference to the red. Top of the pyramid is occupied by fat and sugary foods, with the recommendation that they are rarely eaten in small quantities.

If people can not eat a certain group (vegetarians), they must ensure that their part of the same nutrients, but other products (fruit juice with calcium, calcium provided cereals fortified with calcium, iron, spinach, beans, lentils, peas).

In addition, the food pyramid must be supplemented with physical activity. Evidence indicates that regular physical activity reduces the risk of chronic diseases like hypertension, stroke, ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer and osteoporosis. 30 minutes of exercise a day is sufficient to reduce the risk of these diseases.

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A balanced diet means a diet that contains adequate proportions necessary nutrients our body health. Our body contains about 60% water, 16% protein, 10-25% fat (15-30% in women), 5% minerals, 1% carbohydrate.
For good diet we need a high intake of certain foods. These are called macro nutrients and include: carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Also we need a smaller amount of other foods, they are micro nutrients and include vitamins and minerals. An important part of a balanced diet is the fiber and water. Water is necessary for all reactions in the body. We need about 1.5 liters of water per day.
As many foods that contain several types of nutritional elements still difficult to achieve a balanced diet. Food Pyramid was created to teach you what types of foods and how much can be consumed.
Thus, food located at the bottom should be consumed in greater quantities than the tip. As you climb the pyramid, less of the foods can be consumed.

Group 1 – fats, oils and sweets

These foods are placed at the top because they have not eaten too often. This group includes butter, fats of any kind, biscuits, sweets, cakes, sugar and sweet drinks. Fats from nuts, or seeds are unsaturated fats are healthier than saturated ones found in dairy products and meat. Group 1 foods should be eaten in small quantities.

Group 2 – meat

Group 2 includes red meat, chicken, fish, nuts, seeds, soy products, hamburger. These foods have a high content of protein, fiber, vitamin E and B6, minerals like calcium, iron or zinc. Acetate can be served food 2-3 times a day.

Group 3 – milk and milk products

Dairy products contain high amounts of calcium are the healthiest fat products are consumed and 2-4 times per day. Examples of dairy products: cheese, milk, margarine, yogurt, etc..

Group 4 – fruit

This group includes fresh or canned fruit. Fruits are rich in vitamins, the most common being vitamin C. The fruits also contain vitamin A. Canned and syrups are not as healthy because they have a high content of sugar and therefore calories. Fresh fruits are low in calories and fat and are recommended to be consumed 2-4 times per day.

Group 5 – Vegetables

This group includes all vegetables. Contains foods that are low in fat but rich in vitamins and fiber. Some vitamins are destroyed by cooking. This group needed 3-5 snacks per day.

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Group 6 – foods with high starch

This group includes bread, cereal, rice, pasta, potatoes and is at the bottom. This group has consumed more food than other groups of the pyramid. Approximately one third of the daily diet of foods must be represented in this group. Foods in this group contain more starch and carbohydrates are important for the body to provide energy. May also contain minerals, vitamins of group B and fiber. Highly processed carbohydrates like white bread is not very healthy.

How to make sure that my diet is balanced?

Studies in Britain have shown that most adolescents eat too much fat and too little fiber. Daily diet can become healthy if:

Fat-eat food

  • Skimmed milk instead of whole milk;
  • Eat more starchy foods such as bread, cereals, potatoes, pasta and rice;
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables;
  • Eat more fiber foods such as fruits, whole grains.

A healthy lifestyle is not you with biscuits and grilled pork collars. Need a quick nutritional guide that will show you how to combine foods to keep your figure. You can find analyzing less food pyramid.

Changes are so simple you can do to improve your lifestyle and feel full of energy, that you wonder that you have not done before.

Even for Men at High Risk, Healthy Living May Help Prevent Colon Cancer

This article claims up to 75% of colon cancer can be prevented by diet. The real number is more like 90%. People get cancer primarily from the foods they eat.

One of the things this article doesn’t mention is the powerful cancer-causing effects of sodium nitrite, an ingredient added to bacon, hot dogs, and virtually all packaged meats. It forms cancer-causing nitrosamines in the body and directly contributes to colon cancer. You can help prevent colon cancer in your own body by simply avoiding all foods that contain sodium nitrite.

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You have to read the labels, of course, because there are a lot of foods that contain sodium nitrite. Food manufacturers love the ingredient because it turns meats bright red and makes them look fresh.

Yet you can reduce your odds of getting colon cancer by eating the right foods. The American Institute of Cancer Research says up to 75% of cases of colon cancer could be prevented by diet. Though fat is a suspected colon cancer villain, a new British study of diet and cancer in 28 countries, including the USA, concludes that high consumers of olive oil have a lower rate of colon cancer. Corn oil and animal fat increase colon cancer in animals; fish oil doesn’t. Also harmful: trans fatty acids (the partially hydrogenated fats in some margarines, baked goods and processed foods).

Don’t Compromise Your Health When Trying To Achieve Rapid Weight Loss

Understanding your diet and nutrition is 75% of your battle if you want to lose weight, I guarantee that if you conquer this you will lose weight, and this also means you don’t need to be going to the gym every night, which is a big plus for most people trying to lose weight.

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Your body works in cycles, so every three to four hours your body needs food, so instead of munching at a chocolate bar, or a pack of crisps try taking some nuts, fruit, or just even a healthy snack bar, these things don’t need any special preparation. If you have time to make something just try making a quick sandwich but make sure its multigrain bread and try peanut butter on it. Did you know that eating an apple everyday will stop you from craving anything which is bad for you?

You also need to understand what Protein and Carbohydrates do for you and when to eat them. Protein foods are Tuna, Chicken, Roast Beef, Egg Whites, Cashew Nuts, Skimmed Milk…etc. Carbohydrates foods are Low Carb Pasta, Fruits, Porridge, Multigrain Bread…etc.

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One of the biggest myths of all time is in trying to lose weight is to cut out your meals through out the day, this is just rubbish. You need to start to eat more often, but I must stress not big meals everytime. Your body needs to refuel and running on an empty tank is no good.

The first meal of the day and the most important is your breakfast, you need to eat as soon as you wake up, next you need to try and eat around 10ish, just an fruit will do here, next is your dinner, here you can have a mixture of carbs and protein, but don’t over fill your plate, next try another quick snack just before your tea, Then it’s your teat, again mix your carbs with protein, then just before your going to bed try eating something which has protein in it, this way while your body is asleep it’s still burning off fat. You should start to eat around five to six small meals a day if you want to lose weight.